Teach primary school pupils CPR and other life-saving skills from age nine

Teach primary school pupils CPR and other life-saving skills from age nine to tackle low cardiac arrest survival rates, say top doctors * 30,000 people have a cardiac arrest every year, fewer than one in seven survive * Doctors want young people to be taught skills to boost current survival rates  * Experts say lack of knowledge means paramedics often arrive too late to help   By Alec Fullerton For The Daily MailPublished: 00:02 BST, 21 October 2019 | Updated: 00:53 BST, 21 October 2019 Leading doctors are calling for children as young as nine to be taught CPR and other life-saving skills in primary schools.Some 30,000 people suffer a cardiac arrest in the UK every year, and fewer than one in seven survive.The doctors spearheading the push believe introducing basic life-saving skills at a young age will ‘make it seem like the most natural thing in the world’ and improve survival rates.A cardiac arrest occurs when the heart suddenly stops pumping blood around the body.If the heart is not kept going through CPR and then restarted the patient can die within minutes - making it far more serious than a heart attack, which occurs when there is a blockage in an artery.Experts believe a key reason for poor survival rates is very few people know how to resuscitate someone if they suffer a cardiac arrest, which means when paramedics arrive it is often too late.Dr Ada Ezihe-Ejiofor, a consultant anaesthetist at Guys and St Thomas’ NHS Foundation Trust in London, said the UK’s low survival rates and lack of first-aid education compared to our European neighbours were ‘embarrassing’.She added: ‘We are just next-door neighbours to these people.‘How is it that the Norwegians have a survival rate of one in four, when ours is only around seven? It’s because they have been teaching CPR in schools since 1961.‘The figures will only change once this becomes more than a one-off.How YOU can use CPR to help restart someone's heart  Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) can be used to try to restart someone's heart if it has stopped.CPR should only be used in an emergency situation if someone is unconscious and not breathing.People without CPR training should stick to hands-only chest compressions, the NHS says.To carry out a chest compression:Place the heel of your hand on the breastbone at the centre of the person’s chest. Place your other hand on top of your first hand and interlock your fingers.Position yourself with your shoulders above your hands.Using your body weight (not just your arms), press straight down by 5-6cm (2-2.5 inches) on their chest.Keeping your hands on their chest, release the compression and allow the chest to return to its original position.Repeat these compr ...Read more

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